Technology alone is not enough to reduce air pollution. We all have to change our habits and behavior.
Indian cities especially in DELHI national capital region are the middle of an air pollution emergency. Air pollution has spiked to over the severe 500 mark for deadly particles & many more
In the fact of crises, the energy & resources institute (TERI)& THE NATURAL RESOURCE DEFENCE COUNCIL (NRDC) are bringing together pre-eminent experts in a special dialogue aimed to drive action toward solving serious public health threat in NEW DELHI.
A 2018 lancet commission study found that outdoor air pollution causes a staggering 6,70,000 deaths each year in India. Extremely high levels of dangerous air pollution have become the norm around this time of the year across northern India. Air pollution in the cities average areas reached this year .PM 2.5 levels at 407 & more than 500 respectively.
India’s air pollution problem extends far beyond more than 20 million residents of new Delhi. Its northern belt is one of the most populated parts of planet.
Recently the CENTRAL POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD of new Delhi has added 20 more cities from eight states to the list of polluted cities & those are
5. THANE in MAHARASHTRA
8. SRIKAKULAM & VIZIANAGARAM in AP
9. VADODARA in GUJURAT
10. DEHRADUN in UTTARAKHAND
11. THANE in MAHARASHTRA
12. KALINGA NAGAR in ODISHA
13. TRICHY in TAMILNADU
14. ASANSOL WEST BENGAL
15. BARRACKPORE WEST BENGAL
16. DURGAPUR WEST BENGAL
17. HALDIA WEST BENGALS
18. HOWARH WEST BENGAL
19. RANIGANJ in WEST BENGAL
20. SANGAREDDY in TELANGAN.
EFFECTS ON HEALTH
1. SHORT TERM EFFECTS
· Irritaion to eyes nose & throat
· Respiratory infections
· Allergic reactions
2.LONG TERM EFFECTS
· Chronic respiratory disease
· Lung cancer
· Heart disease
· Pre mature deaths
Air pollution contributes to the premature deaths of 2 million INDIANS every year. Unnecessary use of personal vehicles, instead of government facilities towards transportation & auto rikshaw & especially for chain smokers & the person who also detected as passive smokers due to inhalation of smoke. & etc.
· The MELLON INSTITUTE in USA sponsored the first broad scientific study of SMOKE ABATEMENT, WHICH RESULTED IN LEGISLATION designed to decrease the effects of smoke. The WHO estimates that every 2.4 million people die from causes associated with air pollution.
· The particulate matter suspended in air that is released into atmosphere when coal, gasoline, diesel fuels, wood are burned. & also produced by chemical reactions of nitrogen oxides. Health effects depends on several factors including the size and composition of the particles, the level& duration of exposure. symptoms may include persistent cough, sore throat, burning eyes & chest tightness. It also triggers asthma, & people with disease DIABETES MALLITUS, MALNUTRITION is also at increased risk.
· Ozone is mainly formed by the interaction of ultraviolet light with both nitrogen oxides and organic compounds. O3 exhibits potent anti-oxidant properties and induces alterations in the air ways that depend on concentration& the duration of exposure.
On issue of crop burning that contributes to air pollution, the tribunal directed that activities like crop burning & burning of trash wood/leaves/debris for heating in winters to be strictly prohibited & violations panelized should be done for ECO-SENSITIVE ZONE, COASTAL REGULATION ZONE & GANGA FLOOD PLAINS.
IMPLEMENTATION done are
i. The government of India launched an ODD-EVEN RULE in NOV 2017 based on ODD-EVEN-ROTATIONING METHOD. Which means car running with number plates ending in odd digits could only be driven on certain days of week, & vice versa
ii. Indian government has committed to 50% reduction in households using solid fuel for cooking.
iii. Government of some states implemented measures such as tighter vehicle emissions norms, higher penalties for burning & better control of road dust.
But this is not aware in public & not properly followed & practiced regularly by people in India this has to be made very strictly in our country INDIA. Along with following duties…
1. Mainly to reduce carbon dioxide emission. At least it has to be reduced 20 % & should reach net zero around 2040
2. Farmers should be provided with a machine-like HAPPY SEEDER which converts agricultural residue to FERTILIZER.
3. Clean up transportation sector by introducing 500-1000 electric public transport buses to its 5,50 string feet.
It can be prevented if and only if man should raise his voice highly to prevent pollution & depends upon us the living human beings.
To reduce air pollution
- Plant more trees along busy roads
- Choose low polluting models of vehicles
- Use CNG
- Use carpool& public transport or vehicles or bicycles if it is a short distance.
BE A PART OF SOLUTION but NOT PART OF THE POLLUTION….
IF YOU DON’T KILL IT, IT WILL KILL YOU………
Kaher’s Shri B.M. Kankanwadi